14 most common dental problems and affordable solutions

Dental issues

We all learned from an early age that it was important to take care of our teeth by using dental floss, brushing teeth, eating well and seeing the dentist regularly to prevent dental problems.

All of this is fine, but doesn’t really work. It is enough to observe all the dental problems that we have in order to realize that we repeat the same cause by believing that it will change the effects.

The error involved consists in telling children what to do or not to do, instead of showing by example and thus leaving them free to choose. This freedom of choice is our nature and motivates us to do something by ourselves. Receiving orders or feeling guilty demotivates us to act on our own.

In addition, dental problems are never fun, and even less fun, when the prices of dental care are expensive and unaffordable for many people.

But the good news is that most of them can be treated at 50 to 75% cheaper costs if you choose dental tourism in Colombia.

Here is a list of the 14 common dental problems:


1. Bad breath

About 85% of people with chronic halitosis have a dental disease such as cavities, gum disease or oral bacteria. Another cause of bad breath is that the body exhales through the lungs the breakdown products of proteins used by our digestive system. To prevent bad breath, avoid excess alcohol and caffeine and stay hydrated throughout the day.


2. The sensitivity of the teeth

Dental sensitivity is often triggered by sweets or hot or cold substances. Possible causes can be tooth decay, worn tooth enamel or broken teeth. Depending on the cause, the dentist can help treating tooth sensitivity with a fluoride gel or a surgical gum transplant. You can also use toothpaste designed to treat sensitive teeth.


3. Dental plaque and calculus

Plaque is a deposit that builds up on your teeth and is responsible for cavities, gum infections, and periodontal disease. Dental plaque can also turn into dental calculus if it is not removed regularly. Tartar or calculus is a solid deposit that can appear on the teeth or under the gums when plaque is left untreated. Calculus cannot be removed by brushing. Dental descaling is required.


4. Dry mouth

This condition is sometimes called xerostomia, but it is more easily identified with the term dry mouth. Not surprisingly, it is caused by a lack of saliva in the mouth. This can happen for a variety of reasons, but it is a well-known side effect of taking prescription drugs. Dry mouth poses the risk of depriving the gums and teeth of essential moisture, lubrication and cleaning. Saliva actually has mild antibacterial properties and is used to wash away the remaining dental plaque on teeth. Your dentist can prescribe humidifying agents as a saliva replacement.


5. Toothache

Toothache can give the impression of sharp, throbbing, or constant pain in or around a tooth. Other symptoms may be swelling around the tooth, fever, or headache. The causes of toothache include tooth decay, tooth abscess, infected gums and damaged filling. An immediate visit to the dentist is therefore a wise choice.


6. Tooth decay

After the common cold, tooth decay is the second most common disease in Canada and the United States. Cavities can occur when plaque builds up and combines with the sugars and starches in the food we eat. The good news is that tooth decay can be prevented by good dental hygiene and regular cleaning. When the decay has settled on a tooth, it must then be removed and a filling made there. If it is large, the dental crown could be considered.


7. Tooth abscess

Tooth abscess is an accumulation of pus that forms inside the teeth or gums. It usually comes from a bacterial infection, often accumulated in the pulp of the tooth. Bacteria are found in plaque, a byproduct of food, saliva, and bacteria in the mouth, which stick to and damage teeth, as well as the gums. If the plaque is not removed by regular brushing and flossing, bacteria can spread to the tissues of the tooth or gums. You should see a dentist immediately in order to cure a dental abscess.


8. Gum disease

Gum disease, or periodontal disease, has two main phases: Gingivitis and periodontitis. Gum disease is the leading cause of tooth loss as we age, and has also been linked to heart attacks and strokes. Prevention is essential and regular examinations will allow the dentist to detect gum disease at an early stage.

Gingivitis: It represents the initial stage of periodontal disease. This condition is actually an inflammation of the gum caused by the buildup of dental plaque on the teeth. Dental plaque is a sticky, invisible bacterial film that forms continuously on the teeth. If the plaque is not removed every day with the toothbrush and dental floss, it hardens and turns into calculus.

Periodontitis: When inflammation of the gums spreads to the bone, it turns into periodontitis, a more advanced stage of gingivitis. Periodontitis is an inflammation of the supporting tissues that hold the tooth, including the gums and bone. Over time, these tissues gradually detach from the tooth, and the space between the tooth and the gum deepens, causing mobility and uprooting of the teeth. If left untreated, it can lead to the loss of one or more teeth over time.


9. Mouth ulcers

Mouth ulcers can include canker sores, cold sores and white pimples. Over-the-counter solutions can help you relieve the pain. Lesions are usually caused by an accidental bite, bacterial infections, irritation of something, illness or disorder. They usually go away within two weeks, but should be seen by a dentist if they last longer.


10. The missing teeth

An adult aged 25 to 65 has at least three decayed teeth or missing teeth. For one thing, a large space between your teeth can affect how you speak or eat. The remaining teeth may move and, in some cases, bone loss may occur. Possible solutions are dental implants, dental bridges or dentures.


11. Cracked or broken teeth

Tiny cracks in the teeth are common and usually not a problem. However, a tooth can crack and cause pain. Teeth can also crack as a result of chewing hard objects, grinding teeth and uneven chewing. Solutions may involve root canal treatment or tooth restructuring with a dental veneer or a dental crown.


12. Wear or erosion of dental enamel

Dental enamel is the hard outer surface layer of your teeth that helps protect you against tooth decay. Even if it is considered to be the hardest mineral in the human body, tooth enamel can break, wear or erode as a result of consuming starches and acids. Once the enamel is gone, you can’t replace it, but you can protect it by using fluoride toothpaste and fluoride rinse, brushing and flossing regularly. You can also use dental veneers or dental crowns.


13. The wisdom teeth included

Wisdom teeth are the third molars at the back of the mouth and often do not have enough space to emerge or develop normally. They can cause pain, damage to other teeth, and other dental problems. In some cases, wisdom teeth do not cause any apparent or immediate problems. But since they are difficult to clean, they can be more vulnerable than other teeth to tooth decay and gum disease. It is therefore necessary to extract the wisdom teeth.


14. Bruxism

Teeth grinding can be caused by stress and anxiety, trouble sleeping, allergies, or misaligned teeth. Signs may include headache, jaw pain, toothache or broken teeth. To treat gnashing of teeth, dentists often recommend the use of a mouth guard to protect your teeth while you sleep. However, all these solutions do not end your bruxism, because you have to understand the process that gives birth to bruxism.


If you do not have an emergency and want to combine business with the pleasant warmth of Cartagena, while saving thousands of dollars, we invite you to consult our dental care rates and request a free diagnosis in filling out our dental quote.