For the dental implant process to be successful, there must be enough bone in the jaw to support the implant.
In cases where the bone under the gum is not wide, not high enough or not dense enough, a bone graft is performed to create a solid base of bone on which the implant can be anchored.
When you are considering a dental implant in Colombia or elsewhere, it is important to understand what a bone graft is, how it is done and how much it costs.
|BONE GRAFT IN COLOMBIA|
|Bone graft (cadaver, synthetic)||375 $ us|
|Bone graft (patient’s bone)||700 $ us|
|BONE GRAFT OTHER COUNTRIES|
|Canada (cadaver, synthetic)||1000 $ us|
|UK (cadaver, synthetic)||900 $ us|
|USA (cadaver, synthetic)||800 $ us|
What influences the price of a bone graft
If a synthetic bone is used, the average price of a dental bone graft is around 375 US $ in Colombia and 1000 US $ in UK, USA and Canada. If the bone comes from yourself, then it costs 3 to 4 times more, the transplant includes two surgeries as well as hospitalization and anesthesia.
What is a dental bone graft?
A dental bone graft is the process of rebuilding or replacing a jaw bone using bone or similar materials to support dental implants. Grafts vary in complexity, ranging from complementing the bone next to an implant to significant changes in the shape and size of the dental crest.
Small bone grafts can be performed by a dentist during implant surgery, while large-scale procedures are usually performed by a specialist such as a dental surgeon several months before.
Bone loss can be caused by trauma, abscess or infection, and periodontal disease. In addition, the density of the bone under the missing teeth deteriorates over time. If you have missing teeth for months or years, often they require a bone graft before you can have your implants.
Bone types for dental bone grafts
1. Your own bone: This source is the safest and most effective because it integrates very well and there is no risk of infectious disease, contamination or tissue rejection. The bone usually comes from the chin or jaw, but you can also use a tibia or hip. The disadvantages of this source are that it requires two surgical sites, that it costs more and that, if the bone is removed from the hip or tibia, it requires general anesthesia and hospitalization.
2. Human cadaver bones: Lyophilized and sterile cadaver bones obtained from a reputable tissue bank are more affordable and generally safe, even if they involve certain risks. The use of human bones carries a risk of transmitting an infectious disease similar to that of receiving blood from the blood bank.
3. Animal bones: Cow bone has been widely used for many years. It is sterilized and treated to minimize infection, but as with human cadaver bones, there is a risk of contamination. This graft material is naturally absorbed by the body and replaced by real bone over time.
4. Mineral or synthetic bone: Although less effective than other options, these sterile bone-like materials are no more important than patient bones in terms of safety. This material is also absorbed and replaced over time.
Dental bone grafting procedure
The procedure for bone grafting usually requires only local anesthesia, although oral or intravenous sedatives may also be used to achieve a higher state of anesthesia. A small incision is made in the gum tissue to gain access to the bone that will receive the bone graft.
The dental bone graft in itself acts more as a platform for the growth of nearby bones, as new bone growth will eventually replace the graft material, made up of minerals like calcium, phosphorus and hydroxylation.
If your own bone is to be used, the place where it will be taken will also be scanned and analyzed. The regions sampled will be:
The chin: First, our dentist administers local anesthesia to the bony sites. An incision is made under the lower anterior teeth, exposing the chin and part of the bone and marrow is removed from the chin. Our dentist will then cover the area with a layer of tissue or bone substitute to prevent the gums from growing in the hole during healing. After closing the incision in the chin, the removed part of the bone will be placed on the dental bone and anchored in place with the help of small titanium screws which will be removed after the healing period during the implantation procedure. A mixture of marrow and other materials are placed to stimulate bonding. Our dentist then establishes a tissue membrane on the graft before closing the incision.
The tibia or the hip: If the transplant comes from the tibia, the dentist can take the sample directly by administering sedation, but if it is taken from the hip, hospitalization and general anesthesia are necessary. You can spend a day or two in the hospital. After removal from the bone, it will be placed on the dental bone in the same way as the chin.
It can take four to nine months for the bone graft to heal and integrate with the dental bone before the implants can be placed.